Cameras in Mashine Vision

Cameras in Industrial Image Processing

Industrial image processing, also known as machine vision, is an important tool for the optimization and automatic monitoring of production processes. These industrial 'machine vision' cameras play an important role here.
Industrial cameras are tasked with gathering, storing and archiving important information so that users or software can make decisions that would be unfeasible without that visual data.

Assisted by industrial cameras, machine vision systems can for example measure and count products, calculate their weight or volume, and inspect goods at top speed with respect to their predefined characteristics. Furthermore, they automatically extract limited, but crucial, information from huge quantities of data, or they help experts interpret images by filtering, optimizing and supplementing the latter, or by facilitating quick retrieval and availability thereof. They work tirelessly and neutrally, and perform consistently.

Machine vision systems are used in a variety of applications, including manufacturing, medicine, traffic monitoring and security systems.
Industrial cameras are an important element in the industrial image processing chain. The camera uses a specific protocol to communicate with a computer, which then processes the image data and which may be used to modify the camera's settings.
The requirements for an industrial image processing camera vary from application to application, but are markedly different from those you might be familiar with specific to your digital camera. The key requirements, for example, relate to noise level, refresh rate, sensitivity, dynamic range, exposure mode and resolution. To achieve its full potential, the camera must also be properly supported by its peripherals. As such, the optics and interface used by the camera to pass on data are also of crucial importance.

For more information on the fundamentals of image processing, please see our Basler White Paper on "Fundamentals of Image Processing Systems." 
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