Glossary

1080p

1080p is short form term designating a set of HDTV characterized by 1080 horizontal lines resolution and progressive scan.
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5x5 Debayering

PGI debayering is a debayering algorithm developed by Basler that works with a 5x5 pixel radius.
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720p

720p describes the lowest resolution defined in the television standard for High Definition TV.
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ADC

An electronic device that converts a voltage to a proportional digital number.
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Analog-to-digital converter

An electronic device that converts a voltage to a proportional digital number.
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AOI

Area of Interest (AOI) - a portion on the camera's sensor.
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AOI-Level 1

Support of certain resolutions (e.g. CIF, PAL etc.).
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AOI-Level 2

Support of any resolution, configuration via WebInterface only.
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AOI-Level 3

Support of any resolution, configuration via WebInterface or video management software.
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AOI-Level 4

Support of digital pan/tilt by moving an AOI.
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AOI-Level 5

Support of output scaling configuration via video management software.
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API

Application Programming Interface (API) - a set of specifications allowing application software to communicate with the camera.
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Area of Interest

A portion on the camera's sensor.
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Area of Interest (AOI), also known as Region of Interest (ROI)

Defines the sensor's area of detail used to capture the image.
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Area Scan Camera

Area Scan cameras contain a rectangular sensor with more than one line of pixels, which are exposed simultaneously.
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Bayer BG 12 / Bayer GB 12

Data format for transfer of image data for color cameras with 12 bits of data per pixel, embedded in 16 bits.
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Bayer BG 12 Packed / Bayer BG 12 p

Format for data transmission for color cameras with 12 bits of data per pixel, with 2x12 bits packed into 3 bytes.
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Bayer BG 8 / Bayer GB 8

Data format for transfer of image data for color cameras with 8 bits of data per pixel.
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Bayer pattern

A regular array of red, green and blue color filters covering a sensor's pixels.
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Binning

Technique of summarizing several neighboring pixels in the sensor of an industrial camera to a block of pixels with the goal of improving the signal to noise ratio.
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Blooming

An artifact occurring in images that were acquired by a CCD image sensor.
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C-Mount

A lens mount for screw in lenses.
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Camera Link

Camera Link (CL) is a serial communication protocol designed for computer vision applications.
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CCD

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for movement of electrical charge.
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CCD Sensor

Electronic device to convert light (photons) into electronic signals (electrons).
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CCT+

The Basler Camera Configuration Tool Plus (CCT+) is a Windows based tool for configuring Basler cameras that adhere to the Camera Link standard.
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Charge-Coupled Device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for movement of electrical charge.
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CMOS

Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
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CMOS Sensor

Electronic device to convert light (photons) into electronic signals (electrons).
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Color Creation

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Color filter

Colored transparent cover for a pixel.
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Color Interpolation

Refers to the method of calculating full color information for a pixel.
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Color-Anti-Aliasing

Color-Anti-Aliasing reduces and corrects color errors and discolorations.
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CS-Mount

A lens mount for screw in lenses.
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Day/Night Functionality

Provides clear camera images even in low light.
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Debayering

Ensures that image colors are correct; uses an algorithm to reconstruct the color values of the mosaic created by the color sensor.
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Denoising

PGI executes all computational steps needed to process a raw image into a finished color image in parallel instead of sequentially, thus avoiding an excessive amplification of noise.
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DirectShow

DirectShow is a standard established by Microsoft for the exchange of data between audio and image sources (such as a digital camera, microphone or files) and programs for Microsoft Windows.
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DNS

Domain Name System
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Dynamic Range

Dynamic Range describes the ratio of the largest signal to the smallest signal (that can be distinguished from noise) in an image.
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EMVA

The European Machine Vision Association (EMVA) is an association of companies and corporations involved in machine vision and standardization in that field.
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EMVA1288

The EMVA1288 standard describes a unified method to measure, compute, and present the specification parameters for cameras and image sensors used in machine vision applications.
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Ethernet

Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs) commercially introduced in 1980.
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European Machine Vision Association

The European Machine Vision Association (EMVA) is an association of companies and corporations involved in machine vision and standardization in that field.
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Event Reporting

Allows the camera to report events to make it easier for the PC to control image capture.
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Exposure Active Signal

Digital signal from the camera to control image capture.
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F-Mount

A bayonet type lens mount.
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Fixed Box Camera

Fixed camera e.g. for video surveillance.
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Fixed Dome Camera

Fixed camera with dome housing.
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Flash Window Signal

Digital signal from the camera to control external illumination.
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FPS

Unit of the frame rate.
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Frame Grabber

An electronic device installed in a PC for interfacing to a camera.
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Frame Rate

The number of frames per second that are acquired or transmitted.
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Frame Start Trigger Delay

Function to delay image capture.
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Frames per Second

Unit of the frame rate.
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Full HD

A set of HDTV characterized by 1080 horizontal lines resolution and progressive scan.
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Full well capacity

This quantity refers to the largest charge that a pixel can hold before an overflow of charge into adjacent pixels within the sensor causes the so-called blooming.
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GenApi

An API for configuring machine vision cameras
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GenICam™

GenICam is a standard of the European Machine Vision Association (EMVA) allowing to control machine vision cameras via a generic programming interface.
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GenTL

A module of GenICam providing a unified mechanism for grabbing and streaming images from the camera.
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Gigabit Ethernet

Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) defines a tethered protocol for data transfer based on the widespread Ethernet standard.
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GigE Vision

GigE Vision is an interface standard for industrial image processing by digital cameras that originated in the field of machine vision.
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H.264

Standard for video compression.
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HD

The lowest resolution defined in the television standard for High Definition TV.
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High Profile

A specific H.264 profile.
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IEEE1394 (FireWire)

FireWire or IEEE1394 is a bus standard for serial data transmission.
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IEEE1588 (PTP)

The Precision Time Protocol (PTP), also known as IEEE 1588, is a network protocol,  responsible for the synchronization of clocks on multiple devices within a computer network.
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Image Sensor

An electronic device containing a large number of small light sensitive areas (pixels), where photons generate electric charges that are transformed to an electric signal.
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Improved Sharpness

PGI works with an interpolation algorithm that is adapted for the image structure and can thus deliver significantly improved sharpness.
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Interlaced scan

Readout of an image sensor or update of an image frame occurs in an alternating fashion for odd-numbered and even-numbered horizontal lines of pixels.
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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol used for relaying datagrams (packets) across an internetwork using the Internet Protocol Suite.
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Internet Protocol address

Unique address in a network.
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IR-cut filter

An infrared cut filter (IR-cut filter) is used to block light with wavelengths longer than visible light while transmitting visible light.
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Line Scan

Line Scan cameras have a sensor consisting of 1 to 3 pixel lines.
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Mono 12

Data format for transfer of monochrome image data with 12 bits of data per pixel, embedded in 16 bits.
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Mono 12 Packed / Mono 12 p

Format for data transmission for monochrome cameras with 12 bits of data per pixel, with 2x12 bits packed into 3 bytes.
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Multi-Streaming and Multi-Encoding

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Multicast

Multicasting allows an IP camera to simultaneously transmit images to multiple devices attached to the network.
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OEM

An original equipment manufacturer (OEM) manufactures products or components.
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Original Equipment Manufacturer

An original equipment manufacturer (OEM) manufactures products or components.
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PGI

The PGI Feature Set is an in-camera image optimization developed by Basler.
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PoE

PoE (Power over Ethernet) technology describes a system to pass low voltage electrical power safely, along with data, on Ethernet cabling.
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Power over Ethernet

Power over Ethernet (PoE) technology describes a system to pass low voltage electrical power safely, along with data, on Ethernet cabling.
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Primary Colors

A set colors from which other colors can be derived.
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PTP

The Precision Time Protocol (PTP), also known as IEEE 1588, is a network protocol,  responsible for the synchronization of clocks on multiple devices within a computer network.
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pylon

The Balser pylon Camera Software Suite is a collection of drivers and tools for operating any Basler camera.
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RoHs

Collective term for Directive (European Union) 2002/95/EG and its realization into national right.
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SDK

Software Development Kit
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Sensor

An electronic device containing a large number of small light sensitive areas (pixels), where photons generate electric charges that are transformed to an electric signal.
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Sequencer

Applies a series of pre-defined configuration steps to a series of captured images.
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Signal-to-Noise Ratio

A measure that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
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TCP

Transmission Control Protocol
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TWAIN

TWAIN (Technology Without An Interesting Name) is a standard defined by a coalition of companies for the exchange of data between image input devices, such as digital cameras (like those from Basler) and programs for Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh.
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UDP

User Datagram Protocol
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Unicast

Unicasting is the common capability that lets an IP camera transmit images directly to a single device attached to the network.
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Vandal resistance

Ability to withstand deliberate attempts of damage.
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VBR

Variable Bit Rate
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VGA

A graphics card driver standard.
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Video Graphics Array

A graphics card driver standard.
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VoIP

Voice over IP
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White Balance

The white balance helps to adjust a color camera to the ligting conditions.
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